The 4-Player Model, Framework for Teams

Type of strategy: Brainstorming and DiscussionOpeners & Get to Know YouProcessingWriting and/or Reflection

Good strategy to generate discussion, process thinking and reflection, and see other perspectives


This model serves as a framework for structural balance in teams. The model asserts that four core acts are the essential building blocks of both dysfunctional and healthy team behavior.

Have chart paper with the following posted up on four sides of the room:

The oppose act questions the move that has been initiated.

This act establishes a direction and sets the team in motion.

Bystanding provides perspective and invites the team to be more reflective. A bystander might bring in data from another team, an historic perspective or some insight about the operations of the team itself.

The follow act provides support for the move and serves the function of completion.

Present group with an issue or scenario. In response, which quadrant above would each participant place herself? Why? What would cause the person to move to a different quadrant?


The 4-Player Model, Framework for Teams

Submitted by: Melissa Lim